Readings in Educational Psychology Educational Psychology Interactive Abstract Improving individuals' and groups' abilities to solve problems and make decisions is recognized as an important issue in education, industry, and government.
Problem-solving often involves decision-making, and decision-making is especially important for management and leadership.
There are processes and techniques to improve decision-making and the quality of decisions.
Decision-making is more natural to certain personalities, so these people should focus more on improving the quality of their decisions. People that are less natural decision-makers are often able to make quality assessments, but then need to be more decisive in acting upon the assessments made.
SWOT analysis helps assess the strength of a company, a business proposition or idea; PEST analysis helps to assess the potential and suitability of a market. Good decision-making requires a mixture of skills: Here are some useful methods for effective decision-making and problem-solving: First a simple step-by-step process for effective decision-making and problem-solving.
Is the matter urgent, important or both. Gather all the facts and understand their causes. Think about or brainstorm possible options and solutions. Select the best option - avoid vagueness and weak compromises in trying to please everyone. Explain your decision to those involved and affected, and follow up to ensure proper and effective implementation.
Decision-making maxims will help to reinforce the above decision-making process whether related to problem-solving or not, for example: They get run down. For more complex decisions, several options can be assessed against differing significant criteria, or against a single set of important factors.
Some decisions are a simple matter of whether to make a change or not, such as moving, taking a new job, or buying something, selling something, replacing something, etc.
Other decisions involve number of options, and are concerned more with how to do something, involving a number of choices. First you will need a separate sheet for each identified option.
Many decisions simply involve the choice of whether to go ahead or not, to change or not; in these cases you need only one sheet. Then write down as many effects and implications of the particular option that you and others if appropriate can think of, placing each in the relevant column.
This will provide a reflection and indication as to the overall attractiveness and benefit of the option concerned. If you have scored each item you will actually be able to arrive at a total score, being the difference between the pros and cons column totals.
The bigger the difference between the total pros and total cons then the more attractive the option is.Root Cause Analysis Tracing a Problem to its Origins In medicine, it's easy to understand the difference between treating the symptoms and curing the condition.
A broken wrist, for example, really hurts! Decision Making (56) Project Management (65) Time Management (62) Stress Management (74).
5. Negotiate a contract. Once the vendor and its package selected, then the company can move to the contract negotiation, in which the company can specify the price of the software and the type of the support to be provided by the vendor. How To Solve Problems - Techniques of Problem Solving.
As the owner of your own business you deal with problems on an almost daily basis. Being familiar with effective Problem Solving Techniques can dramatically affect the growth of your business. It helps a great deal to verify your problem analysis for conferring with a peer or someone else. Problem Solving Techniques (extensive overview of various approaches) General Resources for Problem Solving and Decision Making.
The Ultimate Problem-Solving Process Guide: 31 Steps and Resources. 1. What is Decision Making? Decision-making is an essential aspect of modern management. It is a primary function of management. A manager's major job is sound/rational decision-making. Problem Analysis and Decision-Making Technique Paper The team has chosen to use the prioritization matrix as our decision making tool for choosing our solution of staffing and resource issues.