Reform movements from 1820 to 1860

Reform as a motivational rhetoric Any rhetoric of reform motivates public action in a particular way.

Reform movements from 1820 to 1860

Thirty years ago there lived near Palmyra, an obscure individual, whose name has since become familiar to the world. That individual was Joseph Smith, the Mormon prophet.

A sketch of this person's life is interesting, not because we find anything in his character to admire, but because it presents to our view the origin of Mormonism -- one of the most extravagant humbugs that the world has ever witnessed.

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The idea of a new religion originating in a person possessing less than ordinary abilities, and rapidly increasing in number till both the Old and the New World contain multitudes of proselytes, is a subject of much interest.

To give the reader an idea of the origin of this singular sect is the object of the present essay. The family of which Joseph was a member was large, remarkable neither for intelligence nor industry.

His father possessed a visionary mind, and cherished the notion that a prophet would arise out of his family. It is hard to say why he should arrive at this conclusion, yet the means of accomplishing his wishes were evidently in his own power, for it was soon announced to the world that a brother of Joseph was the expected prophet.

It is evident that this appointment was not made by Divine authority, else so serious a mistake could not have occurred, for the prophet suddenly died -- died of surfeit of eating too much raw turnip! The hopes of the ambitious father were not to be blasted by this unfortunate occurrence; for it was soon known to the people of Stafford street, where they resided, that Joseph was the successor of his brother.

In order to obtain a clear idea of the prophet's career, it will be necessary to refer to his early years.

Reform movements from 1820 to 1860

The boyhood of Joseph was passed on the farm with his father. During the winter months be attended the district school, where he acquired the little knowledge which he possessed. He is remembered by his school-mates as being idle, and somewhat vicious, and was regarded by all as a very dull scholar.

As a young man, his prospects were anything but cheering. He was engaged in no steady employment, and might often have been found lounging around the bar-rooms of Palmyra, in company with persona as worthless and idle as himself. This was the general character of Joseph Smith up to the time of his prophetic career, and no one would have surmised that he was to become the founder of a new religion, or an inglorious martyr at Nauvoo.

Joseph's prophetic powers were first directed to the acquisition of wealth, and money-digging soon engaged the attention of the family, and a part of the neighborhood. Night after night these fanatics labored, urged on by visions of untold wealth.

Excavations were made in hillside and valley, but Fortune, the fickle goddess, refused to smile upon them. Their golden visions were fruitless; the prophecy was false. At this state of affairs a circumstance occurred which retrieved the waning hopes of the prophet, and gave a new direction to his genius.

This was the discovery of the book of Mormon, or Mormon Bible. This event proved to be the origin of Mormonism -- the feeble germ which produced the tree of giant proportions, whose branches have extended over a large part of the known world.

Support of reform movements

It was pretended by the prophet that this record was found on a hill, below the surface of the ground, written on plates of gold.The American Reform Community of This period is an intense time of reform. There are many issues -- prohibition, slavery, women's rights, schools, children's lives, labor, Sunday Schools, and others -- and the reformists tended to support several of the these movements, even though they were often known for their work in one cause or.

Biography of Susan B. Anthony. Susan B. Anthony was born February 15, in Adams, Massachusetts. She was brought up in a Quaker family with long activist traditions. The island of Ireland lies west of Great Britain across the Irish Sea and St. George's Channel. It is divided into two separate political entities: the independent Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland, a constituent of the United Kingdom.

The pre–Civil War years (–, or the “antebellum years”) were among the most chaotic in American history—a time of significant changes that took place as the United States came of age. this growing middle class became the driving force behind a variety of reform movements. Among these were movements to reduce consumption of.

SOCIETY, CULTURE, AND REFORM, Many of the significant reform movements in American history began during the Jacksonian era and in . Chapter Society, Culture, and Reform, study guide by iloveskittles3 includes 14 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.

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